From hundreds of feet long shelters to complex vehicles for transport, the inventive prowess of man is far beyond the reach of any other organism. Unfortunately, humans’ creative brilliance didn’t only lead to a much more comfortable and prosperous world, but also a far more dangerous one. Many weapons have been created in different ages that can bring to an end the life of another human. From simple murdering tools like swords to complex entities that can end the lives of millions in a single blow.
The invention of guns in the 10th century brought a new dimension to warcraft. Killing people with pellet-like objects called bullets, that is shot at a high velocity at a target via a weapon known as a gun. The mechanism by which a gun kills will be mystical to an unlearned eye because what the person observes via an unaided eye, is a man pointing a metal/wooden object to another, then after the former pulls the trigger which is followed by a loud noise, the latter falls and dies. This death is not magical, there are logical reasons why organisms, not only humans, can die from a gunshot.
A killing factor from a gun is a small most times metallic object that is shot at a ridiculously high speed to a target. When a bullet hits a target it creates a hole at its entry point and destroys every tissue in its path as it ventures through the body of a victim of a gunshot. This cavity created by the movement of this bullet through a target is the main cause of dying by a gunshot. Not every area of your body that is shot can lead to death, however, the probability of dying through a gunshot is increased if the bullet hits/travels across an important organ of the body. A bullet to the head has a high chance of killing a person especially when the bullet passes through the cerebellum which will lead to instant loss of life.
Without a functioning brain then there is no life, if a bullet can make enough structural damage to this gray matter then dying is a certainty. Massive damage to other vital organs in a person’s body from a bullet can lead to an instant or an eventual death of that person. A bullet hitting your heart would disrupt the normal flow of blood in your system, which will eventually lead to your death. If this bullet damages your lungs, it stops the oxygenation of your blood, that can yet lead to death. A bullet cutting through an important blood vessel can cause hemorrhage that can result in the demise of its victim.
Apart from the point of impact of a bullet, the shock wave generated was also factored as a leading cause of dying by a bullet. The higher the shock wave that a bullet can create the higher its probability of killing a person no matter where it hits. These bullets are presently being designed to enable them to be able to generate higher shock waves to increase their killing threat.